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Drywall Finishing Tools


To finish new gypsum drywall or repair damaged panels on existing walls, you need a pair of drywall knives and a larger blade for spreading and smoothing compound over wide seams between panels. The basics will do for most projects, although there are specialized drywall tools such as corner blades and swiveling sanding blocks attached to long poles so that you can sand joint com pound more easily.

Nail holes, dents, scratches, and other minor blemishes are easy to fix with a little compound and a pair of blades because there is ½ inch of solid gypsum under the surface. To bridge a small puncture through drywall, you’ll probably need to add some type of reinforcing material, such as fiberglass mesh tape. When you tackle deep scars, use a base coat to bond against the reinforcement and fill most of the opening. Once the base coat hardens, add one or two top coats to fill up the hole. You may want to add a very thin skim coat, too.

One type of finishing knife isn’t much better than an other. But no matter what type or combination of blades you use, be sure to keep them clean. Drywall compound dries quickly, and even a short pause in work can allow a thin layer of compound to harden. And once you intro duce a hard crumb to a smooth mix on a wall seam, the blade will drag it along the wall, creating a trough that needs more finishing and sanding.

 

BASIC WALL REPAIR

 

1. Fill depressions with a base coat, let it dry, and add one or more top coats to build up the damaged area.

 

3. Prime the repaired area, which seals the patch material and prevents dull spots in the finish coat of paint.

 

2. When the patch compound dries, smooth the surface using a sanding block and a sheet of fine sandpaper.

 

4. Use a nearly dry roller to feather paint on and away from the patch, blending it with the adjacent surfaces.

 

Drywall, Paint, and Wallcovering Tools: A--sanding pole, B--screen sander, C--wallcovering trough, D--smoothing blade, E--paste brush, F--smoothing brush, C--seam roller, H--paintbrush, I—angled sash brush, J—foam brush, K--paint tray, L--roller, M--putty knife, N--4-in taping knife, 0--10-in, finishing knife, P--inside corner knife.

 

 

 

 

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