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How to build a partition wall (Page 2)

Step 4. Fasten the top plate to the ceiling using 3 deck screws or 10d nails. Be sure to orient the plate so the stud layout faces down.


Step 5. Hang a plumb bob from the edge of the top plate at several points along its length to find the sole plate location on the floor The tip of the plumb bob should almost touch the floor Wait until it stops moving before marking the sole plate reference point. Connect the points with a line to establish one edge of the sole plate. Use a piece of scrap 2x material as a template for marking the other edge.

Step 6. Cut away the portion of the sole plate where the new door will be, and nail or screw the two sections to the floor between the sole plate layout lines. Use the cutaway door section as a spacer for the door when fastening the plates. Drive the fasteners into the floor framing. For concrete floors, attach the sole plate with a powder-actuated nail gun or with hardened masonry screws.


Step 7. Measure the distance between the top and sole plates at several places along the wall to determine the stud lengths. The stud length distance may vary, depending on structural settling or an out-of-flat floor. Add 1/8 to the stud length's), and cut them to size. The extra length will ensure a snug fit between the wall plates.



Step 10. If building codes in your area require fire blocking, install 2x cutoff scraps between the studs, 4 ft. from the floor, to serve this purpose. Stagger the blocks so you can end nail each piece.


Step 8. Install the framing members. Use a hammer to tap each stud into position, then toenail the studs to the top and sole plates. Fit, trim, and nail the studs, one at a time. Tip: If the studs tend to shift during nailing drive pilot holes for the nails first, or use 3" deck screws instead of nails. (Inset) An option for attaching wall studs to plates is to use metal connectors and 4d nails.


Step 11. Drill holes through the studs to create raceways for wiring and plumbing. When this work is completed, fasten metal protector plates over these areas to prevent drilling or nailing through Wiring and pipes later. Have your work inspected before proceeding with wallboard.


Step 9. Nail the king studs, jack studs, a header and a cripple stud in place to complete the rough door framing.









Step 12. Cover the wall with wallboard. Plan the layout wisely to minimize waste and to avoid butted joints with untapered seams. If you are installing wallboard on a ceiling as well, do that first.





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